Significant Milestones in Oil Production Technology
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Since oil is an essential commodity for the survival of man, a look into the changes in technology in production is a good idea. The ancient people in Mesopotamia used a hardened substance called bitumen to construct sailing vessels and put jewelry pieces together. The Kings of Egypt used bitumen for the construction of the famous pyramids. Bitumen, asphalt and motor led to increased curiosity about oil among people.
The first method used to extract oil was by digging up the soil to reach the oil. In this site you learn more about how the traditional people used oil to treat diseases, light lamps to increase visibility and keep warm. There was not much knowledge of oil and the people came up with myths about the earth releasing gases and liquids.
The next discovery to be made as you will find here, was the spring pole. The spring pole equipment as you will discover here was tied to a tree which made it possible to reach more depth and was increasingly used by the Ruffner brothers to make salt extraction easier. The importance of oil was still not known to people at this time even though they knew it was a multipurpose commodity. When steam was introduced to provide energy for the spring pole for the extraction of salt the process became enhanced. Benjamin Silliman a chemist at Yale learned more about processes that could convert the oil into kerosene that could then be used in lamps. It is at this point that the society became interested in the commodity and commercial drilling began.
From this website, you will read more about how the need for oil increased significantly. The number of oil deposits discovered in the earth increased. However there were hard sediments that made drilling difficult hence the need for improved equipment. Consequently, a method called rotary drilling emerged whose head could move past the hard sediment with great ease. One event that marked how effectiveness of the rotary drill in the process of oil extraction was observed in Texas when a rig struck a rock resulting into a lot of oil flowing to the surface. Because the world was getting ready for the first war, the need for oil skyrocketed leading to the development of better oil tools as a result of competition. The most successful development for the rotary drill was the ability to dig deeper.
Today, the most common method of extracting oil is the rotary rig. Even though the rotary rigs are still in use, they have been modified to today’s technology. From what you have read in this website, you can see that the rigs can do more work than they did in the past. One such case is the increased mobility of the rig to extract oil from several oil wells.